Overview

Grid stability and ancillary services, especially renewable energies providing frequency control reserve by has been investigated in several national level projects just as the German project “Kombikraftwerk 2”. This project will focus on virtual power plants providing ancillary services on the European level in a 100% renewable energy scenario. The project will proof if grid stability is guaranteed and ancillary services can be completely provided by renewable energies at each point in time for the whole European grid (macro level investigation). Secondly a demonstration will show that renewable energies can provide frequency control reserve in several EU countries today (micro level investigation). The renewable energies will fulfill the technical requirements and retain profitability. The investigations will base on the experience of former and current studies and share the national experiences in a European network.

Overview

Grid stability and ancillary services, especially renewable energies providing frequency control reserve by has been investigated in several national level projects just as the German project “Kombikraftwerk 2”. This project will focus on virtual power plants providing ancillary services on the European level in a 100% renewable energy scenario. The project will proof if grid stability is guaranteed and ancillary services can be completely provided by renewable energies at each point in time for the whole European grid (macro level investigation). Secondly a demonstration will show that renewable energies can provide frequency control reserve in several EU countries today (micro level investigation). The renewable energies will fulfill the technical requirements and retain profitability. The investigations will base on the experience of former and current studies and share the national experiences in a European network.

Flexibility forecast

Another innovation of this project is represented by the forecast of flexibility. This will be based on probabilistic production forecast for each renewable plant, a technique already mastered by ARMINES and currently applied by TSOs and RES producers. The innovation will consist in the development of a strategy to quantify the effective amount of flexibility that can be offered by each plant and each portfolio of plants at each time horizon considered taking into account not only the forecasts but also their precision and possible correlated events such as production ramps.

Virtual Power Plant

The ReStable will develop control management functions to distribute of the AGC signal through a set of heterogeneous DER of the VPP considering technical and economic criteria. These concepts will be validated before real-life demonstration through reduced-scale laboratory demonstration using power hardware-in-the-loop. The development will enable VPP to participate in frequency control services with high reliability standards and can be combined with other decision-making functions of the VPP.

Market bidding algorithm

The development of market algorithms will also allow VPPs to be better used, in terms of production potential, through a coordinated optimization of bids over short-term energy markets.

The role of DER in power systems dynamic performance

Progress beyond the state of the art: The ReStable will address the identification of dynamic equivalents of active distribution networks with a fleet of heterogeneous DER (e.g., wind, solar generators, CHP, mini-hydro, storage, etc) being the main goal the identification of a procedure that replaces the actual distribution network model by a simple equivalent model which has similar dynamic characteristics. Furthermore, the procedure to be identified will be validated in reduced-scale laboratory set-up using a power hardware-in-the-loop platform.

Services

The overall goal of the proposed project is the identification of the main technical, economic, and regulatory challenges on the way to operate the European power supply system mainly based on RES and the elaboration of recommendations for their solutions.

Objectives

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